What is Arthroscopy?
Arthroscopy literally means “to look inside a joint”. It is a type of key-hole surgery or procedure which allows the Doctors to see inside the joint. Arthroscopy is a safe and effective way of diagnosing and treating problems of the joint.
How Arthroscopy is performed?
Unlike conventional “open” surgery which requires a large incision, arthroscopy is performed by making a small incision in the patient’s skin and inserting pencil-sized instruments that contain a small lens and lighting system to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint. Light is transmitted through fiber optics to the end of the arthroscope that is inserted into the joint. By attaching the arthroscope to a miniature television camera, the surgeon is able to see the interior of the joint through this very small incision. The television camera displays the image of the joint on the television screen, allowing the surgeon to look, for example, throughout the knee – at cartilage, ligaments and under the knee cap. The surgeon can determine the amount or type of injury and then repair or correct the problem if necessary.
When is Arthroscopy necessary?
A thorough medical history, physical examination, x-rays and additional tests like MRI or CT scan may be performed initially to diagnose injury or disease in the joint. A final diagnosis is made through the arthroscope, which is usually more accurate than open surgery or x-ray studies.
What are the advantages of Arthroscopy?
Accuracy in identifying and dealing with the problem is the prime advantage of arthroscopy. The recovery is faster and less painful in arthroscopic surgery, as smaller incisions are made. There is minimal scar and the person can return to work or active sports very soon.
The conditions that most often require Arthroscopic surgery are:
- Recurrent dislocations
- Rotator cuff tear
- Impingement syndrome
- SLAP tear
- Tennis elbow
- Golfers elbow
- Loose bodies
- Adhesionlysis for easy stiffness
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Triangular fibro cartilage tear
- Femoroacetabular impingement
- Loose bodies
- Labral lesions
- Septic Arthritis
- Meniscal tears
- Cartilage defects
- Anterior / posterior cruciate ligament teas
- Medial patello femoral ligament tear
- Arthodesis for arthritis