The rotator cuff is the strong complex of tendons and muscles that help stabilize the shoulder. One or more of the tendons in the rotator cuff may be torn either by
- A single injury (for example, a fall or outstretched arm)
- Constant irritation due to repetitive overhead arm motions
- Age-related, degenerative damage
Rotator cuff tear means, detachment of rotator cuff from its normal attachment to the humerus bone. In many cases, the reason for the rotator cuff injury is unknown. A torn rotator cuff will cause pain at the top and outside of the shoulder when you raise or extend your arm. The shoulder may become weak, making it difficult to raise the arm far away from the side. If rotator cuff tears left untreated to accelerated wear and tear of the joint causing severe pain and further restriction of movements, the condition is called as “Rotator cuff arthropathy”.
Aim of the treatment is to reattach the torn rotator cuff back to is normal bony attachment. Arthroscopic surgery can be used to reattach the torn edge of the rotator tendon to the humerus bone with specialized implants (Suture anchors) and special threads (Fiber wires).